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Journal Articles Journal of Power Sources Year : 2017

Real-time mass spectroscopy analysis of Li-ion battery electrolyte degradation under abusive thermal conditions

S. Cahen
S. Fontana
Claire Hérold

Abstract

The lithium-ion batteries are widely used in rechargeable electronic devices. The current challenges are to improve the capacity and safety of these systems in view of their development to a larger scale, such as for their application in electric and hybrid vehicles. Lithium-ion batteries use organic solvents because of the wide operating voltage. The corresponding electrolytes are usually based on combinations of linear, cyclic alkyl carbonates and a lithium salt such as LiPF6. It has been reported that in abusive thermal conditions, a catalytic effect of the cathode materials lead to the formation fluoro-organics compounds. In order to understand the degradation phenomenon, the study at 240 °C of the interaction between positive electrode materials (LiCoO2, LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2, LiMn2O4 and LiFePO4) and electrolyte in dry and wet conditions has been realized by an original method which consists in analyzing by mass spectrometry in real time the volatile molecules produced. The evolution of specific gases channels coupled to the NMR reveal the formation of rarely discussed species such as 2-fluoroethanol and 1,4-dioxane. Furthermore, it appears that the presence of water or other protic impurities greatly influence their formation.
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Dates and versions

hal-02352028 , version 1 (09-02-2022)

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B. Gaulupeau, B. Delobel, S. Cahen, S. Fontana, Claire Hérold. Real-time mass spectroscopy analysis of Li-ion battery electrolyte degradation under abusive thermal conditions. Journal of Power Sources, 2017, 342, pp.808-815. ⟨10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.12.078⟩. ⟨hal-02352028⟩
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