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Fabrication and Electrochemical Properties of Three-Dimensional (3D) Porous Graphitic and Graphenelike Electrodes Obtained by Low-Cost Direct Laser Writing Methods

Abstract : The development of three-dimensional (3D) porous graphitic structures is of great interest for electrochemical sensing applications as they can support fast charge transfer and mass transport through their extended, large surface area networks. In this work, we present the facile fabrication of conductive and porous graphitic electrodes by direct laser writing techniques. Irradiation of commercial polyimide sheets (Kapton tape) was performed using a low-cost laser engraving machine with visible excitation wavelength (405 nm) at low power (500 mW), leading to formation of 3D laser-induced graphene (LIG) structures. Systematic correlation between applied laser dwell time per pixel ("dwell time") and morphological/structural properties of fabricated electrodes showed that conductive and highly 3D porous structures with spectral signatures of nanocrystalline graphitic carbon materials were obtained at laser dwell times between 20 and 110 ms/pix, with graphenelike carbon produced at 50 ms/pix dwell time, with comparable properties to LIG obtained with high cost CO 2 lasers. Electrochemical characterization with inner and outer sphere mediators showed fast electron transfer rates, comparable to previously reported 2D/3D graphene-based materials and other graphitic carbon electrodes. This work opens the way to the facile fabrication of low-cost, disposable electrochemical sensor platforms for decentralized assays.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-02440796
Contributor : Grégoire Herzog <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 2, 2020 - 11:44:49 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 10, 2020 - 3:08:02 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, March 3, 2021 - 6:38:31 PM

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Micheal Burke, Cathal Larrigy, Eoghan Vaughan, George Paterakis, Labrini Sygellou, et al.. Fabrication and Electrochemical Properties of Three-Dimensional (3D) Porous Graphitic and Graphenelike Electrodes Obtained by Low-Cost Direct Laser Writing Methods. ACS Omega, ACS Publications, 2020, 5, pp.1540 - 1548. ⟨10.1021/acsomega.9b03418⟩. ⟨hal-02440796⟩

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