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Suggested design of gold-nanoobjects-based terahertz radiation source for biomedical research

Abstract : Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) may serve as devices to emit electromagnetic radiation in the terahertz (THz) range, whereby the energy is delivered by radio frequency or microwave photons which will not by themselves induce transitions between sparse confinement-shaped electron levels of a GNP, but may borrow the energy from longitudinal acoustic (LA) phonons to overcome the confinement gap. Upon excitation, the Fermi electron cannot relax otherwise than via emitting a THz photon, the other relaxation channels being blocked by force of shape and size considerations. Within this general scope that has already been outlined earlier, the present work specifically discusses two-phonon processes, namely (i) a combined absorption–emission of two phonons from the top of the LA branch, and (ii) an absorption of two such phonons with nearly identical wavevectors. The case (i) may serve as a source of soft THz radiation (at sime0.54 THz), the case (ii) the hard THz radiation at 8.7 THz. Numerical estimates are done for crystalline particles in the shape of rhombicuboctahedra, of 5–7 nm size. A technical realisation of this idea is briefly discussed, assuming the deposition of GNPs onto/within the substrate of Teflon®, the material sustaining high temperatures and transparent in the THz range.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-02902972
Contributor : Andrei Postnikov <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 20, 2020 - 3:08:47 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 21, 2021 - 12:13:02 PM

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A. Postnikov, K A Moldosanov. Suggested design of gold-nanoobjects-based terahertz radiation source for biomedical research. Nanotechnology, Institute of Physics, 2018, 29 (28), pp.285704. ⟨10.1088/1361-6528/aabf10⟩. ⟨hal-02902972⟩

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