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Assessment of electrocoagulation based on nitrate removal, for treating and recycling the Saharan groundwater desalination reverse osmosis concentrate for a sustainable management of Albien resource

Abstract : The present work is devoted to the salinity abatement of the groundwater desalination RO concentrate, and the study of its possible reuse. As NO 3 − and some of its by-products represent the highest risk for the environnment, its removal has been studied to optimize some operating parameters. Firstly, to ensure sufficient solution conductivity and to avoid the inhibitory and interactions effect of other ions present in the concentrate, EC experiments were carried out with synthetic solutions containing only Cl − and SO 4 2− ions. The results showed that at the optimal conditions (Al/Al, 100 A/m 2 , pH 7 and 180 min), the NO 3 − removal reached 93%. Secondly, to study their inhibitory effect on NO 3-removal, the coexisting ions (Cl − , SO 4 2− , HCO 3 − , K + , Mg 2+ , Ca 2+ , Na + and F −) were added successively until obtaining a synthetic solution representing the real concentrate. The study showed that SO 4 2− , HCO 3 − and Ca 2+ ions are the main species that inhibit the NO 3 − elimination. Otherwise, the mechanism showed that NO 3-was eliminated by both adsorption and chemical reduction to ammonium NH 4 +. Also, no nitrite NO 2 − and no ammonia NH 3 were detected. Finally, optimal conditions applied to the synthetic and real RO concentrate, led to very significant decrease in ions concentration. In the case of the real RO concentrate, the ions abatement attained 62.00, 30.33, 42.49, 29.12, 83.23, 31.74, 27.59 and 69.20% respectively for NO 3-, Cl-, SO 4 2-, K + , Mg 2+ , Ca 2+ , Na + and F-. As the final concentrations of all ions were close or less than to those contained in the raw groundwater, and to preserve the Albien resource, the treated concentrate could be recycled upstream of the RO process.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-02938918
Contributor : Francois Lapicque <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 10, 2021 - 10:06:24 AM
Last modification on : Friday, February 26, 2021 - 3:32:08 PM

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Ismahane Berkani, Mohamed Belkacem, Mohamed Trari, François Lapicque, Kenza Bensadok. Assessment of electrocoagulation based on nitrate removal, for treating and recycling the Saharan groundwater desalination reverse osmosis concentrate for a sustainable management of Albien resource. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, Elsevier, 2019, ⟨10.1016/j.jece.2019.102951⟩. ⟨hal-02938918⟩

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