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Posttraumatic stress following myocardial infarction : A systematic review

Abstract : The objective of the present review is to provide an overview of existing research that has reported on the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and ischemic heart disease. Specific focus is given to the incidence of PTSD following myocardial infarction (MI). A systematic review using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines was performed by searching four bibliographic databases: PubMed, PsychINFO, ScienceDirect, and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. A total of 39 articles were included in this literature review. The results of these studies suggest that the occurrence of an acute cardiac event is likely to contribute to the development of PTSD. Not only is this type of psychiatric disorder associated with significant suffering and impaired quality of life, but it is also a predictor of an increased risk of recurrent adverse cardiovascular events and mortality. Screening, assessment, and treatment of PTSD and posttraumatic stress symptoms following a major cardiac event are critical for offsetting potential deleterious psychological and physical consequences.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 21, 2020 - 3:54:19 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 21, 2021 - 2:50:05 PM




Murielle Jacquet-Smailovic, Cyril Tarquinio, F. Alla, Ilona Denis, Amanda Kirche, et al.. Posttraumatic stress following myocardial infarction : A systematic review. Journal of Traumatic Stress, Wiley, In press, 34 (1), pp.190-199. ⟨10.1002/jts.22591⟩. ⟨hal-02944655⟩



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