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Overview on the development of the DEMO diagnostic and control system

Abstract : Within the European development of a future tokamak demonstration fusion power plant (DEMO) [1] the pre-conceptual studies on the plasma diagnostic and control (D&C) system are progressing to prepare the basis for reliable plasma operation at high overall performance [2]. A variety of plasma diagnostics will be employed on DEMO together with advanced control techniques in order to provide an accurate knowledge of the plasma state, which is needed to maintain plasma operation within the allowed physical and technical limits. The integration of diagnostic front-end components has to cope with strong adverse effects arising from neutron and gamma irradiation, heat loads, impinging particles and forces. In this environment, the quality of measurements can only be ensured for longer periods by using robust diagnostic components, mounting them in sufficiently protected (retracted) locations, and any maintenance can only be performed via remote handling. Major open issues are the durability of magnetic measurements in the presence of irradiation induced effects and the feasibility of detachment control under DEMO conditions. In parallel to diagnostic developments, the details of the main control issues are being formulated and investigated by quantitative plasma control simulations. To obtain the envisaged performance DEMO operates close to some physics limits where even small disturbances, if not properly controlled, can trigger major variations of the plasma parameters. Equilibrium control requires high control power and can drive the poloidal field coil system to its operational limits. Within this paper, we will provide an overview on the current status of the ongoing D&C developments for the European DEMO concept.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-02962552
Contributor : Stéphane Heuraux <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 12, 2020 - 5:33:53 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 13, 2020 - 3:35:57 AM

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E Alessi, R Ambrosino, M Ariola, I Bolshakova, K Brunner, et al.. Overview on the development of the DEMO diagnostic and control system. 31st SOFT 2020, Dubrovnik, Croatia, 20-25th September 2020, Sep 2020, Dubrovnik,, Croatia. ⟨hal-02962552⟩

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