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Journal Articles International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging Year : 2020

Subclinical ventricular dysfunction in rheumatoid arthritis

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Abstract

Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at higher risk for having underdiagnosed heart failure, however there are no recommendations regarding echocardiographic screening. We aimed to determine the prevalence of subclinical ventricular dysfunction in RA applying current echocardiographic guidelines, its association with patients' characteristics, biomarkers and prognostic parameters and compare the 2016 guidelines to the recommendations from 2009. Prospective study of RA patients without known heart disease, categorized as preserved ventricular function (PVF), systolic dysfunction (SD), isolated diastolic dysfunction (DD) or indeterminate diastolic function (IDF) as per the 2016 echocardiography guidelines-or any ventricular dysfunction (AVD) comprehending the last 3. The median age was 58 years and 78% were females. The majority had PVF (73%), followed by DD (13%), IDF (11%) and SD (4%). Concordance with the 2009 echocardiographic guidelines was low. Compared with PVF, AVD patients were older (65 vs 55 years, p < 0.001), had a higher prevalence of hypertension and dyslipidaemia (56% vs 38%, p = 0.003 and 60% vs 41%, p = 0.002, respectively). In multivariable analysis, age (particularly > 57 years) was the only independent predictor of AVD or DD. AVD was significantly associated with higher NT-proBNP and lower distance in 6-min walk test. There were no significant independent associations between characteristics of RA disease and ventricular function. A total of 17% of RA patients without known cardiovascular disease presented subclinical systolic or diastolic dysfunction, which was associated with older age. The echocardiographic screening may have clinical value in identifying subclinical ventricular dysfunction, especially in older RA patients.
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Dates and versions

hal-03009505 , version 1 (17-11-2020)

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Patrícia Rodrigues, Betânia Ferreira, Tomás Fonseca, Rita Quelhas Costa, Sofia Cabral, et al.. Subclinical ventricular dysfunction in rheumatoid arthritis. International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging, 2020, 37 (3), pp.847-859. ⟨10.1007/s10554-020-02057-3⟩. ⟨hal-03009505⟩
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