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Journal Articles Carbohydrate Polymers Year : 2020

Structure conformational and rheological characterisation of alfalfa seed (Medicago sativa L.) galactomannan

Abstract

In the present work a galactomannan extract of low protein residue (< 1.3 % wt dry basis) was isolated from alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) seed endosperm meal. The alfalfa gum (AAG) comprised primarily mannose and galactose at a ratio of 1.18:1, had a molecular weight of 2 × 106 Da and a radius of gyration of 48.7 nm. The average intrinsic viscosity of the dilute AAG dispersions calculated using the modified Mark-Houwink, Huggins and Kraemer equations was 9.33 dLg 1 at 25 ◦C. The critical overlap concentration was estimated at 0.306 % whereas the concentration dependence of specific viscosity for the dilute and semi-dilute regimes was ∝ C2.3 and C4.2, respectively. The compliance to the Cox-Merz rule was satisfied at 1% of AAG, whereas a departure from superimposition was observed at higher concentrations. Viscoelasticity measurements demonstrated that AAG dispersions exhibit a predominant viscous character at 1 % wt, whereas a weak gel-like behaviour was reached at AAG concentrations ≥3 %.
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hal-03059294 , version 1 (26-06-2023)

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Thierry Hellebois, Christos Soukoulis, Xuan Xu, Jean-Francois Hausman, Alexander Shaplov, et al.. Structure conformational and rheological characterisation of alfalfa seed (Medicago sativa L.) galactomannan. Carbohydrate Polymers, 2020, pp.117394. ⟨10.1016/j.carbpol.2020.117394⟩. ⟨hal-03059294⟩
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