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Evolution of Clinical and Electrophysiological Data in Children with a Preexcitation Syndrome

Abstract : Background: With ablation, the follow-up of preexcitation syndrome now is difficult to assess. The purpose was to collect data of children with a preexcitation syndrome studied on two separate occasions within a minimal interval of 1 year. Methods: This is a retrospective chart review of 47 children initially aged 12 ± 4 years, who underwent two or more invasive electrophysiological studies (EPS) within 1-25 years of one another (6.3 ± 4.8) for occurrence of symptoms or new evaluation. Results: Among initially symptomatic children (n = 25), four (19%) became asymptomatic and one presented life-threatening arrhythmia. Among asymptomatic children (n = 22), five became symptomatic (22.7%). Anterograde conduction disappeared in seven of 23 children with initially long accessory pathway-effective refractory period, but four of six had still induced atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT). AVRT was induced at second EPS in three of 13 asymptomatic preexcitation syndrome with negative initial EPS. There were no spontaneous adverse events in the five children with criteria of malignancy at initial EPS; signs of malignancy disappeared in two. At multivariate analysis, AVRT at initial EPS was the only independent factor of symptomatic AVRT during follow-up. Absence of induced AVRT at initial EPS was the only factor of absence of symptoms and a negative study at the second EPS. Conclusions: There were no significant changes of data in children after 6.3 ± 4.8 years of follow-up. Most children with spontaneous/inducible AVRTs at initial EPS had still inducible AVRT at second EPS. Induced AF conducted with high rate has a relatively low prognostic value for the prediction of adverse events.
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Contributor : Christian de CHILLOU Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, April 26, 2021 - 7:22:25 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, August 28, 2022 - 10:22:35 AM

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Béatrice Brembilla-Perrot, Jean-Marc Sellal, Arnaud Olivier, Thibaut Villemin, Anne Moulin-Zinsch, et al.. Evolution of Clinical and Electrophysiological Data in Children with a Preexcitation Syndrome. PACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, 2016, 39 (9), pp.951-958. ⟨10.1111/pace.12922⟩. ⟨hal-03208822⟩



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