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Oscillatory flow of Koo–Kleinstreuer and aggregate nanofluids in cylindrical annuli: Toward an innovative solution to deal with nanofluids instability

Abstract : This paper exhibits the oscillatory characteristics of a free convective flow of nanofluids in horizontal concentric annuli of pilot dimensions to provide a mechanical solution against their particles settling which occurs by aggregation. These nanofluids are generated according to each class of particles that may exist with four types of industrial base liquids. Koo–Kleinstreuer semi-empirical models are used to generate databases of ideal suspended particles with Brownian motion. Meanwhile, Maxwell–Bruggeman and Kreiger–Dougherty semi-empirical models are used to incorporate the aggregation mechanism. A hybrid lattice Boltzmann/finite-difference approach is adopted to provide the space-time solutions. The accuracy of this numerical tool is inspected by providing over nine validations based on literature data. Hence, an improved flow pattern chart is accomplished to expand the open literature, depending on the flow nature of the base liquids in the annuli. Next, the oscillatory nature is fully revealed for each nanofluid processed. Following the frontiers toward the non-settling of aggregates, three main regimes are identified depending on the annulus size and the combination between ideal and aggregate mechanisms. Owing to this, a new settling chart is established to emerge the sheer limit of the annulus size for a non-settling process.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03212712
Contributor : Mohammed EL GANAOUI Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, April 29, 2021 - 8:32:46 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:58:08 PM

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Karim Ragui, Rachid Bennacer, Mohammed El Ganaoui. Oscillatory flow of Koo–Kleinstreuer and aggregate nanofluids in cylindrical annuli: Toward an innovative solution to deal with nanofluids instability. Physics of Fluids, American Institute of Physics, 2021, 33 (4), ⟨10.1063/5.0046784⟩. ⟨hal-03212712⟩

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