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Graphene and zeolite as adsorbents in bar-microsolid phase extraction of pharmaceutical compounds of diverse polarities

Abstract : A bar micro-solid phase (bar m-SPE) extraction method using either graphene or zeolite or their mixtures as an adsorbent, coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography (using a C1 column) was developed for the simultaneous determination of pharmaceutical compounds (metformin (MET), buformin (BUF), phenformin (PHEN) and propranolol (PROP)) of diverse polarity (log P from À1.82 to 3.10). Parameters influencing the extraction, such as conditioning solvents, pH of the sample, sample volume, amount of adsorbent, stirring rate, time of extraction, type and volume of desorption solvent and time of desorption were investigated. Under the optimized conditions, the extraction method using graphene (extraction efficiency, % EE, $6-15%) resulted in the least amount of extracted drugs. However, the use of zeolite and zeolite/graphene mixtures improves the % EE significantly, i.e. 30% for PHEN and 42% for PROP using zeolite; 22% for MET and 18% for BUF using the adsorbent mixture. Under similar conditions, enrichment factors for these drugs range from 11-15. The validated method was performed for the determination of the drugs that were spiked to urine samples. Good recoveries ranging from 72.8 to 116% were achieved.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03216759
Contributor : Grégoire Herzog <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 4, 2021 - 12:43:44 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 5, 2021 - 3:25:58 AM

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Maizatul Najwa Jajuli, Grégoire Herzog, Marc Hébrant, Ng Eng-Poh, Afidah Abdul Rahim, et al.. Graphene and zeolite as adsorbents in bar-microsolid phase extraction of pharmaceutical compounds of diverse polarities. RSC Advances, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2021, pp.16297-16306. ⟨10.1039/d1ra01569a⟩. ⟨hal-03216759⟩

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