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Compter les pauvres, du Moyen-Âge à nos jours. : Les vulnérabilités au risque du dénombrement

Abstract : Before being a matter of depersonalised statistics, poverty is first and foremost a question of human enumeration and refers to the sciences of demography, quantitative, qualitative and historical. This a priori enumeration for charitable reasons is not without ulterior motives: in modern times, clerics and laymen had understood, beyond the desire to rationalise assistance to the poor, the importance that should be attached to such an enumeration. Earlier, in antiquity, populations had also been counted. Hence the almost timeless question of why such a count should be carried out, but also who to count, and how to count. This is the purpose of this article, which distinguishes four main moments in this investigation of the counting of the poor: the modern period, from the end of the Middle Ages to the Revolution, where the impossible accounting between good and bad poor, beggars and other vagabonds, the desire to clarify and rationalise relief from the end of the eighteenth century, the constitution of a class of poor workers and the issue of solidarity under the Third Republic, and finally, from the twentieth century to the present day, the construction of poverty indicators, and the globalised and statistical approach to issues of poverty to the detriment of perhaps a more intimate perception.
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Contributor : Jean-Marie Villela Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 19, 2021 - 3:43:53 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 3, 2021 - 11:50:18 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, August 20, 2021 - 6:43:05 PM


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Jean-Marie Villela. Compter les pauvres, du Moyen-Âge à nos jours. : Les vulnérabilités au risque du dénombrement. 2021. ⟨hal-03230183⟩



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