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Habiter l'Espace : exploration du modèle urbain dans les fictions du plan B spatial

Abstract : In its use of climate change as a narrative device, climate fiction has frequently made Earth uninhabitable to the point that humanity had to rethink its habitat. That is how such fictions as "La Cité Saturne", "Shangri-La", "An Unkindness of Ghosts", "The Book of Joan", "Nos Temps contraires" or "Brink" imagine the space city as a replacement habitat for an humanity which abandoned its planet. This life – or this survival – of human groups inside spaceships or orbital stations that looks as space megacities are far away from the fantasy of a rural life in space transmitted through techno-pastoral iconography from the book "The High Frontier" (O’Neill, 1977). This fundamental difference can be interpreted as a choice: to transpose the urban model to a space environment, even if space city’s representation come with some ambivalences. Indeed, to depict the city as the solution for humanity’s survival is choosing to make it the ultima human habitat. It would be both its last resort and, in a teleological way, the Urbanocene’s outcome outside the atmosphere. Yet, space city does not look like a happy solution. It extracts humans from an inhospitable place to install them in a closed, anxietyprovoking and frequently dystopian place. Space cities inhabitant chokes in this replacement environment. He dreams to come back on Earth. Then narrative is filled with a solastalgical feeling that express a contesting discourse about urban model, near to a form of ecological neoromantism. Thus, these fictions about space plan B question the contemporary ecumene and interrogate this « relation between humanity and its Earth territory » (Berque, 1993) in our era with its exacerbated urbanity.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03250611
Contributor : Gatien Gambin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, June 4, 2021 - 6:04:39 PM
Last modification on : Monday, November 22, 2021 - 12:14:31 PM

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Gatien Gambin. Habiter l'Espace : exploration du modèle urbain dans les fictions du plan B spatial. La ville dans les fictions climatiques, colloque organisé dans le cadre du projet PARVIS de l'I-Site Future, Irène Langlet; Nadège Pérelle, May 2021, Champs-Sur-Marne, Université Gustave Eiffel, France. ⟨hal-03250611⟩

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