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Co-assembly and multicomponent hydrogel formation upon mixing nucleobase-containing peptides

Abstract : Peptide-based hydrogels are physical gels formed through specific supramolecular self-assembling processes, leading to ordered nanostructures which constitutes the water entrapping scaffold of the soft material. Thanks to the inherent properties of peptides, these hydrogels are highly considered in the biomedical domain and open new horizons in terms of application in advanced therapies and biotechnologies. The use of one, and only one, native peptide to formulate a gel is by far the most reported approach to design such materials, but suffers from several limitations, including in terms of mechanical properties. To improve peptide-based hydrogels interest and give rise to innovative properties, several strategies have been proposed in the recent years, and the development of multicomponent peptide-based hydrogels appears as a promising and relevant strategy. Indeed, mixing two or more compounds to develop new materials is a much-used approach that has proven its effectiveness in a wide variety of domains, including polymers, composites and alloys. While still limited to a handful of examples, we would like to report herein on the formulation and the comprehensive study of multicomponent hybrid DNA-nucleobase/peptide-based hydrogels using a multiscale approach based on a large panel of analytical techniques (i.e., rheometry, proton relaxometry, SAXS, electronic microscopy, infrared, circular dichroism, fluorescence, Thioflavin T assays). Among the six multicomponent systems studied, the results highlight the synergistic role of the presence of the two complementary DNA-nucleobases (i.e., adenine/thymine and guanine/cytosine) on the coassembling process from structural (e.g., morphology of the nanoobjects) to physicochemical (e.g., kinetics of formation, fluorescence properties) and mechanical properties (e.g., stiffness, resistance to external stress). All the data confirm the relevance of the multicomponent peptide-based approach in the design of innovative hydrogels and bring another brick in the wall of the understanding of these complex and promising systems.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03253806
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 8, 2021 - 2:29:04 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, October 16, 2021 - 11:14:02 AM
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Tristan Giraud, Sabine Bouguet-Bonnet, Marie-José Stébé, Lionel Richaudeau, Guillaume Pickaert, et al.. Co-assembly and multicomponent hydrogel formation upon mixing nucleobase-containing peptides. Nanoscale, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2021, ⟨10.1039/D1NR02417E⟩. ⟨hal-03253806⟩

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