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Diagnosis of brushless synchronous generator using numerical modeling

Abstract : Purpose: On-time fault diagnosis in electrical machines is a critical issue, as it can prevent the development of fault and also reduce the repairing time and cost. In brushless synchronous generators, the significance of the fault diagnosis is even more because they are widely used to generate electrical power all around the world. Therefore, this study aims to propose a fault detection approach for the brushless synchronous generator. In this approach, a novel extension of Relief feature selection method is developed. Design/methodology/approach: In this paper, by taking the advantages of the finite element method (FEM), a brushless synchronous machine is modeled to evaluate the machine performance under two conditions. These conditions include the normal condition of the machine and one diode open-circuit of the rotating rectifier. Therefore, the harmonic behavior of the terminal voltage of the machine is obtained under these situations. Then, the harmonic components are ranked by using the extension of Relief to extract the most appropriate components for fault detection. Therefore, a fault detection approach is proposed based on the ranked harmonic components and support vector machine classifier. Findings: The proposed diagnosis approach is verified by using an experimental test. Results show that by this approach open-circuit fault on the diode rectifier can effectively be detected by the accuracy of 98.5% and by using five harmonic components of the terminal voltage [1]. Originality/value: In this paper, a novel feature selection method is proposed to select the most effective FFT components based on an extension of Relief method, and besides, FEM modeling of a brushless synchronous generator for normal and one diode open-circuit fault.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03260327
Contributor : Bernard Davat <>
Submitted on : Monday, June 14, 2021 - 6:36:14 PM
Last modification on : Monday, June 14, 2021 - 7:23:08 PM

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Mehdi Rahnama, Abolfazl Vahedi, Arta Mohammad Alikhani, Noureddine Takorabet. Diagnosis of brushless synchronous generator using numerical modeling. COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Emerald, 2020, 39 (5), pp.1241-1254. ⟨10.1108/COMPEL-01-2020-0018⟩. ⟨hal-03260327⟩

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