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La fin du charbon et le net zero : un modèle britannique de transition ?

Abstract : The United Kingdom legislated in June 2019 to commit the country to net zero, i.e. carbon neutrality, by 2050. Several measures must be put in place to achieve this particularly ambitious goal, nevertheless energy and electricity generation are of course strategic sectors. The country has accelerated its coal exit and its transition to another energy model. This paper thus presents the motivations and challenges of the United Kingdom’s decarbonisation strategy, in order to determine whether there is a genuine British model of transition and thus enrich reflection on the concept of transition from a case study. In particular, it studies the political issues of the commitments preceding the announcement of net zero and the increasingly protests against the use of coal. It also questions the envisaged policies to reach net zero, such as relaunching the development of wind power or following the nuclear programme, but also the many geopolitical obstacles and constraints in the face of this goal. Finally, this paper shows that if the goal is set and if a transition is indeed underway, there is no real strategy established to plan this transition to net zero.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 20, 2021 - 2:12:51 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 26, 2022 - 4:31:42 PM

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Mark Bailoni. La fin du charbon et le net zero : un modèle britannique de transition ?. Bulletin de l'Association de géographes français, Association des Géographes Français, 2021, Transitions(s) en question. Quelles approches géographiques de la notion de transition ?, 97 (4), pp.511-528. ⟨10.4000/bagf.7480⟩. ⟨hal-03349296⟩



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