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Journal Articles Materials Year : 2021

Mechanical and Thermal Behavior of Fibrous Carbon Materials

Blagoj Karakashov
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Richard Kouitat
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Vanessa Fierro
Alain Celzard


The ability of various commercial fibrous carbon materials to withstand stress and conduct heat has been evaluated through experimental and analytical studies. The combined effects of different micro/macro-structural characteristics were discussed and compared. Large differences in mechanical behavior were observed between the different groups or subgroups of fibrous materials, due to the different types of fibers and the mechanical and/or chemical bonds between them. The application of the Mooney–Rivlin model made it possible to determine the elastic modulus of soft felts, with a few exceptions, which were studied in-depth. The possible use of two different mechanical test methods allowed a comparison of the results in terms of elastic modulus obtained under different deformation regimes. The effective thermal conductivity of the same fibrous materials was also studied and found to be much lower than that of a single carbon fiber due to the high porosity, and varied with the bulk density and the fiber organization involving more or less thermal contact resistances. The thermal conductivity of most materials is highly anisotropic, with higher values in the direction of preferential fiber orientation. Finally, the combination of compression and transient thermal conductivity measurement techniques allowed the heat conduction properties of the commercial fibrous carbons to be investigated experimentally when compressed. It was observed that thermal conductivity is strongly affected under compression, especially perpendicular to the main fiber orientation.
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hal-03381727 , version 1 (17-10-2021)





Blagoj Karakashov, M'Barek Taghite, Richard Kouitat, Vanessa Fierro, Alain Celzard. Mechanical and Thermal Behavior of Fibrous Carbon Materials. Materials, 2021, 14 (7), pp.1796. ⟨10.3390/ma14071796⟩. ⟨hal-03381727⟩
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