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Low-frequency coding variants associated with body-mass-index impact the success of bariatric surgery

Abstract : Abstract Context A recent study identified 14 low-frequency coding variants associated with body-mass-index (BMI) in 718,734 individuals predominantly of European ancestry. Objective and design The 14 low-frequency coding variants were genotyped or sequenced in 342 French adults with severe/morbid obesity and 574 French adult controls from the general population. We built risk and protective genetic scores (GS) based on 6 BMI-increasing and 5 BMI-decreasing low-frequency coding variants that were polymorphic in our study. We investigated the association of the two GS with i) the risk of severe/morbid obesity, ii) BMI variation before weight-loss intervention, iii) BMI change in response to an 18-month lifestyle/behavioral intervention program, and iv) BMI change up to 24 months after bariatric surgery. Results While the risk GS was not associated with severe/morbid obesity status, BMI-decreasing low-frequency coding variants were significantly less frequent in patients with severe/morbid obesity than in French adults from the general population. Neither the risk nor the protective GS was associated with BMI before intervention in patients with severe/morbid obesity, nor did they impact BMI change in response to a lifestyle/behavioral modification program. The protective GS was associated with a greater BMI decrease following bariatric surgery. The risk and protective GS were associated with a higher and lower risk of BMI regain after bariatric surgery. Conclusion Our data indicate that in populations of European descent, low-frequency coding variants associated with BMI in the general population also impact the outcomes of bariatric surgery in patients with severe/morbid obesity.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03411898
Contributor : Philippe de Carvalho Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 2, 2021 - 4:08:10 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, December 4, 2021 - 12:22:01 AM

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Darlène Antoine, Rosa-Maria Guéant-Rodriguez, Jean-Claude Chèvre, Sébastien Hergalant, Tanmay Sharma, et al.. Low-frequency coding variants associated with body-mass-index impact the success of bariatric surgery. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Endocrine Society, 2021, ⟨10.1210/clinem/dgab774⟩. ⟨hal-03411898⟩

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