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Biorefining of Aucoumea klaineana wood : Impact of Steam explosion on the composition and Ultrastructure the Cell Wall

Abstract : Aucoumea klaineana Pierre (okoumé) is a tropical hardwood used in the timber industry in the Congo area to produce veneers and plywood. This paper described the utilization of sapwood co-products from this industry according to a biorefinery approach to generate both bioethanol and lignin. A batch Steam Explosion (SE) was used as a pretreatment after acid impregnation (H 2 SO 4 0.25 % or 0.50 % w/w) at various pressure (8-19 MPa) and residence times (2.5-7.5 min). The impact of the process was examined at the molecular and parietal scales. The pulp composition was examined in terms of lignin, glucose and xylose content, cellulose crystallinity (CrI %) and degree of polymerization (DP). The conditions of 2 high pretreatment severity led to an almost total xylans removal (residual xylans < 2 %), to a strong decrease of cellulose DP and to a lignin fragmentation and relocation increasing its extractability with ethanol as solvent. At the parietal scale, the effect of the pretreatment on wood cell wall was analyzed by optical microscopy after dyeing, fluorescence microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Enzymatic hydrolysis of the cellulosic pulps was experimented using commercial cellulase from T. Reesei. A SE pretreated wood produced at 210°C during 5 min with an impregnation with 0.25 w/w% acid resulted in a glucose yield > 80 % with an excellent fermentability into ethanol by S. Cerevisiae. Using these operating conditions, one ton of okoumé sapwood could produce 112 kg of ethanol and 82 kg of high purity lignin.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03502862
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Submitted on : Sunday, December 26, 2021 - 2:32:38 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 16, 2022 - 3:34:24 AM

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Arnaud Besserer, Sebastien Ngwa Obame, Rodrigue Safou-Tchima, Safwan Saker, Isabelle Ziegler-Devin, et al.. Biorefining of Aucoumea klaineana wood : Impact of Steam explosion on the composition and Ultrastructure the Cell Wall. Industrial Crops and Products, 2022, 177, pp.114432. ⟨10.1016/j.indcrop.2021.114432⟩. ⟨hal-03502862⟩

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