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A General Equivalent Electrical Circuit Model for the Characterization of MXene/Graphene Oxide Hybrid-Fiber Supercapacitors by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy -Impact of fiber length

Abstract : Performance engineering of electrochemical energy-storage devices such as Supercapacitors (SCs) requires updated modeling capable of characterizing their electrical output in unique device geometries. In this work, an Equivalent Electrical Circuit (EEC) is developed to fit the impedance data of pseudo-capacitive and electrostatic fiber-shaped supercapacitors (FSCs). The model is applied for the interpretation of impedance data measured on FSCs made of reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO) and MXene in the case of pseudo-capacitors and pure carbon in the case of Electrical Double-Layer Capacitors (EDLCs) as active electrode materials, and polyvinylalcohol (PVA) gel infiltrated with sulfuric acid as the electrolyte and separator. The FSC charge storage behavior is modeled using a Transmission Line Model (TLM) including a finite Warburg impedance for pseudo-capacitance, and a Constant-Phase Element (CPE) for the electrostatic contribution. The high frequency part of the Nyquist plots is characterized by a 45° straight line and the use of a TLM clearly improves the fit quality compared to a Randles circuit usually used for pseudo-capacitor modeling. The difference between the two circuits becomes more visible as the length of the SC yarns increases, which is consistent with the observed increase in internal resistance with fiber length evidenced with the TLM. Furthermore, the fitting results indicate that the internal resistance of the TLM predominantly corresponds to the electrical resistance of the fiber, i.e. the electron conductive phase of the electrode, instead of the electrolyte ionic resistance in usual SCs. Finally, the low frequency part of the spectra is correctly modeled by a CPE without any leakage resistance, showing that self-discharge is not a significant issue for the electrostatic contribution, at least in the frequency range tested.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03513346
Contributor : Julia Mainka Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 5, 2022 - 6:31:15 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 27, 2022 - 11:38:11 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, April 6, 2022 - 9:29:39 PM

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Julia Mainka, Wei Gao, Nanfei He, Jérôme Dillet, Olivier Lottin. A General Equivalent Electrical Circuit Model for the Characterization of MXene/Graphene Oxide Hybrid-Fiber Supercapacitors by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy -Impact of fiber length. Electrochimica Acta, 2022, 404, pp.139740. ⟨10.1016/j.electacta.2021.139740⟩. ⟨hal-03513346⟩

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