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Empiric Unsupervised Drifts Correction Method of Electrochemical Sensors for in Field Nitrogen Dioxide Monitoring

Abstract : This paper investigates the long term drift phenomenon affecting electrochemical sensors used in real environmental conditions to monitor the nitrogen dioxide concentration [NO2]. Electrochemical sensors are low-cost gas sensors able to detect pollutant gas at part per billion level and may be employed to enhance the air quality monitoring networks. However, they suffer from many forms of drift caused by climatic parameter variations, interfering gases and aging. Therefore, they require frequent, expensive and time-consuming calibrations, which constitute the main obstacle to the exploitation of these kinds of sensors. This paper proposes an empirical, linear and unsupervised drift correction model, allowing to extend the time between two successive full calibrations. First, a calibration model is established based on multiple linear regression. The influence of the air temperature and humidity is considered. Then, a correction model is proposed to solve the drift related to age issue. The slope and the intercept of the correction model compensate the change over time of the sensors’ sensitivity and baseline, respectively. The parameters of the correction model are identified using particle swarm optimization (PSO). Data considered in this work are continuously collected onsite close to a highway crossing Metz City (France) during a period of 6 months (July to December 2018) covering almost all the climatic conditions in this region. Experimental results show that the suggested correction model allows maintaining an adequate [NO2] estimation accuracy for at least 3 consecutive months without needing any labeled data for the recalibration.
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Contributor : Etienne Losson Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 9, 2022 - 12:36:05 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 11, 2022 - 2:47:55 PM

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Rachid Laref, Etienne Losson, Alexandre Sava, Maryam Siadat. Empiric Unsupervised Drifts Correction Method of Electrochemical Sensors for in Field Nitrogen Dioxide Monitoring. Sensors, MDPI, 2021, 21 (11), pp.3581. ⟨10.3390/s21113581⟩. ⟨hal-03562936⟩



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