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Weak Association Between Genetic Markers of Hyperuricemia and Cardiorenal Outcomes: Insights From the STANISLAS Study Cohort With a 20‐Year Follow‐Up

Abstract : Background Hyperuricemia is associated with poor cardiovascular outcomes, although it is uncertain whether this relationship is causal in nature. This study aimed to: (1) assess the heritability of serum uric acid (SUA) levels, (2) conduct a genome‐wide association study on SUA levels, and (3) investigate the association between certain single‐nucleotide polymorphisms and target organ damage. Methods and Results The STANISLAS (Suivi Temporaire Annuel Non‐Invasif de la Santé des Lorrains Assurés Sociaux) study cohort is a single‐center longitudinal cohort recruited between 1993 and 1995 (visit 1), with a last visit (visit 4 [V4]) performed ≈20 years apart. Serum lipid profile, SUA, urinary albumin/creatinine ratio, estimated glomerular filtration rate, 24‐hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, transthoracic echocardiography, pulse wave velocity, and genotyping for each participant were assessed at V4. A total of 1573 participants were included at V4, among whom 1417 had available SUA data at visit 1. Genome‐wide association study results highlighted multiple single‐nucleotide polymorphisms on the SLC2A9 gene linked to SUA levels. Carriers of the most associated mutated SLC2A9 allele ( rs16890979 ) had significantly lower SUA levels. Although SUA level at V4 was highly associated with diabetes, prediabetes, higher body mass index, CRP (C‐reactive protein) levels, estimated glomerular filtration rate variation (visit 1–V4), carotid intima‐media thickness, and pulse wave velocity, rs16890979 was only associated with higher carotid intima‐media thickness. Conclusions Our findings demonstrate that rs16890979 , a genetic determinant of SUA levels located on the SLC2A9 gene, is associated with carotid intima‐media thickness despite significant associations between SUA levels and several clinical outcomes, thereby lending support to the hypothesis of a link between SUA and cardiovascular disease.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/hal-03652891
Contributor : Erwan Bozec Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 27, 2022 - 10:51:45 AM
Last modification on : Monday, May 2, 2022 - 2:00:49 PM

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Mehmet Kanbay, Constance Xhaard, Edith Le Floch, Claire Dandine-Roulland, Nicolas Girerd, et al.. Weak Association Between Genetic Markers of Hyperuricemia and Cardiorenal Outcomes: Insights From the STANISLAS Study Cohort With a 20‐Year Follow‐Up. Journal of the American Heart Association, Wiley-Blackwell, 2022, pp.e023301. ⟨10.1161/JAHA.121.023301⟩. ⟨hal-03652891⟩

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