Assessment for combined phytoremediation and biomass production on a moderately contaminated soil - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Environmental Science and Pollution Research Year : 2022

Assessment for combined phytoremediation and biomass production on a moderately contaminated soil

Abstract

Once previous industrial activity has ceased, brownfields are found in urban and suburban environments and managed in different ways ranging from being left untouched to total reconversion. These situations apply to large surface areas often impacted by residual diffuse pollution. Though significant and preventing any sensitive use, residual contamination does not necessarily require treatment. Moreover, conventional treatments show their technical and economic limits in these situations and gentle remediation options such as phytomanagement might appear more relevant to the management of those sites. Thus, these sites face up two major issues: managing moderate contamination levels and providing an alternative use of economic interest. This work proposes to assess a management strategy associating the phytoremediation of organic pollution along with the production of biomass for energy generation production. A 16-week controlled growth experiment was conducted on a soil substrate moderately impacted by multiple pollution (trace elements, mainly Zn and Pb, and hydrocarbons), by associating rhizodegradation with Medicago sativa or biomass production with Robinia pseudoacacia or Alnus incana in monocultures. The effect of a microbial inoculum amendment on the performances of these treatments was also evaluated. Results showed total hydrocarbons (TH), and to a lesser extent polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), concentrations decreased over time, whatever the plant cover. Good biomass production yields were achieved for both tree species in comparison with the control sample, even though R. pseudoacacia seemed to perform better. Furthermore, the quality of the biomass produced was in conformity with the thresholds set by the legislation concerning its use as a renewable energy source.
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Dates and versions

hal-03696022 , version 1 (16-06-2022)

Identifiers

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Guillaume Hostyn, C. Schwartz, Jean-Marie Côme, Stéphanie Ouvrard. Assessment for combined phytoremediation and biomass production on a moderately contaminated soil. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2022, 29 (39), pp.59736-59750. ⟨10.1007/s11356-022-19963-9⟩. ⟨hal-03696022⟩
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