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Journal Articles Acta Crystallographica Section B : Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials [2014-...] Year : 2023

Pyrite contact twins

Abstract

Two examples of contact twins in pyrite from Peru are described. The first one, from Pasto Bueno ore deposit, shows the pyritohedron {120} as principal form, accompanied by the {111} octahedron and {100} cube as secondary forms, giving a lenticular aspect. (111) is the composition plane, and the twin operation is any one of the three binary axes 〈110〉 within this plane. The second one (unknown ore deposit) presents two forms, the octahedron {111} and the pyritohedron {120}; the two crystals in the twin are elongated along [101] and [011], respectively, producing a V profile. It is a reflection twin where the twin plane (110) coincides with the composition plane. These twins are by merohedry. Another contact twin is known in the literature, reported by Gaubert [ Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. (1928), 51 , 211–212] who described it as a spinel twin, i.e . a reflection twin with twin and composition plane (111); here it is shown that it is actually a rotation twin in which the twin operation is a 180° rotation about any of the three equivalent directions 〈211〉, contained in the (111) composition plane. The occurrence of these twins as well as the doubtfulness of the spinel twin in pyrite shows a direct relationship with the structural interpretation based on the pseudo-symmetry of the crystallographic orbits.
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Dates and versions

hal-03960707 , version 1 (27-01-2023)

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Yves Moëlo, Massimo Nespolo, François Farges. Pyrite contact twins. Acta Crystallographica Section B : Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials [2014-..], 2023, 79 (1), pp.32-45. ⟨10.1107/S2052520622011714⟩. ⟨hal-03960707⟩
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