Composites to Produce a Material with Zero Absolute Thermopower S = 0 or a Thermopower Switch between S = 0 and S ≠ 0 - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Materials Year : 2023

Composites to Produce a Material with Zero Absolute Thermopower S = 0 or a Thermopower Switch between S = 0 and S ≠ 0

Joachim Sonntag
Bertrand Lenoir

Abstract

From the theory of two-phase composites it is concluded that in the concentration dependence of the Seebeck coefficient S a kink can occur precisely at S=0 absolute if the two phases have different kinds of carriers, electrons and holes, and if the phase grains are spherical without preferred orientations and arranged in a symmetrical fashion. This feature, indeed found to be realized in amorphous Cr1−xSix thin films deposited by ion beam sputtering from Cr-Si alloy targets, can be applied to make reference standards for S=0 at room temperature and even at higher temperatures. Additionally, it may be used to design a thermopower switch between S=0 and S≠0. It is also concluded that the structure realized in any alloy during solidification does not only depend on the diffusion mobility of the atoms and on the existence of a (relative) minimum in the Gibbs’ free energy. It depends also on the fact whether this structure is compatible with the demand that (spatial) continuity of the entropy and energy flux densities and their gradients is saved during the solidification process.
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Dates and versions

hal-03984161 , version 1 (12-02-2023)

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Joachim Sonntag, Bertrand Lenoir. Composites to Produce a Material with Zero Absolute Thermopower S = 0 or a Thermopower Switch between S = 0 and S ≠ 0. Materials, 2023, 14 (19), pp.5529. ⟨10.3390/ma14195529⟩. ⟨hal-03984161⟩
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