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Journal Articles Carbon Year : 2023

Green and easy synthesis of P-doped carbon-based electrocatalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction

Abstract

In this study, efficient electrodes for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) based on low-cost and metal-free carbon catalysts are presented. Phytic acid, a biosourced molecule containing carbon (C) and phosphorus (P), was found to be an excellent precursor for producing carbon materials with high P content, depending on the carbonization temperature, from 27.9 wt.% at 700 °C to 7.3 wt.% at 1000 °C. A green and easy route to produce P-doped carbon materials by heat treatment of this biosourced precursor without the need for additional reagents is thus proposed. We show that the conversion of P-O-type groups into P-C-type species is of paramount importance for improving the catalytic activity in HER of P-doped carbon materials. P-C-type groups appear to be the key factor in the electrocatalytic activity, reaching an onset potential of - 0.27 V. This study sheds light on the origin of the catalytic activity of P-doped carbons, in which P is expected to modify the homogenous distribution of the electron density of undoped carbons and increase their catalytic performance.
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hal-04126075 , version 1 (13-06-2023)

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Sergio García-Dalí, Javier Quílez-Bermejo, Jimena Castro-Gutiérrez, Niki Baccile, María Izquierdo, et al.. Green and easy synthesis of P-doped carbon-based electrocatalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction. Carbon, 2023, 212, pp.118154. ⟨10.1016/j.carbon.2023.118154⟩. ⟨hal-04126075⟩
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