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Journal Articles The Lancet. Healthy longevity Year : 2022

Is it time to include older adults in inflammatory bowel disease trials? A call for action

Abstract

The therapeutic management of older patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is challenging, particularly because of the absence of evidence-based guidelines for these patients, who seem to frequently be excluded from clinical trials. In this systematic review we investigated the exclusion of older patients with IBD from phase 3 studies registered on PubMed and ClinicalTrials.gov, by assessing the upper limit of age exclusion criteria and the percentage of patients older than 65 years included in the trials. Exclusion criteria other than age were also recorded, and comorbidities were analysed separately. Our review of 222 phase 3 studies shows that older patients are frequently excluded from IBD clinical trials because of their age, which was used as an exclusion criterion in 129 (58%) of the 222 assessed trials. Of the 32 trials that detailed the percentage of included patients who were 65 years or older, only 763 (5·4%) patients of the 14 124 patients included were older than 65 years. In addition to age, patients were also excluded because of comorbidities (mainly renal, hepatic, and cardiovascular, and used as an exclusion criterion in 76% of trials), a history of dysplasia (45% of trials), and previous treatment for IBD (19% of trials). We propose a three-step process that should enable the inclusion of all older patients in IBD clinical trials, regardless of their age, comorbidities, and frailty.

Dates and versions

hal-04168017 , version 1 (21-07-2023)

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Sophie Vieujean, Bénédicte Caron, Vipul Jairath, Athanase Benetos, Silvio Danese, et al.. Is it time to include older adults in inflammatory bowel disease trials? A call for action. The Lancet. Healthy longevity, 2022, 3 (5), pp.e356-e366. ⟨10.1016/S2666-7568(22)00060-5⟩. ⟨hal-04168017⟩
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