Influential factors on the echogenicity of peripheral venous catheters: Insights from an experimental phantom study - Université de Lorraine Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Vascular Access Year : 2024

Influential factors on the echogenicity of peripheral venous catheters: Insights from an experimental phantom study

Abstract

Introduction: Ultrasound-guided placement of peripheral venous catheters requires appropriate equipment. Among the devices used, peripheral venous catheters have different structure and properties. This study aimed to define the impact of these different factors on the echogenicity of peripheral venous catheters. Method: An open comparative study was conducted from September 2022 to May 2023. Thirteen devices were introduced in a standardized manner along the longitudinal and transverse axes with the help of guides into a phantom at different angles. Two criteria defined the echogenicity of these devices: the surface occupied by the device in the image (composite criterion: length and diameter of the device and angle of insertion) and its brightness (average of the pixel intensity of gray). Sixty-five ultrasound images were recorded and postprocessed twice (blinded to the previous measurement) by an expert operator, for reproducibility purposes. Results: The intra-observer reproducibility of all measurements was excellent, with an intra-class coefficient of >0.90 over the entire dataset. On the longitudinal axis, echogenicity was significantly influenced by insertion angle ( p = 0.009), device length ( p = 0.006), and the interaction of cannula component and insertion angle ( p = 0.007). On the transverse axis, no factors significantly influenced the device’s echogenicity. Discussion: The echogenicity of a device is an essential component of successful ultrasound-guided peripheral venous catheter placement. Optimizing catheter intrinsic factors such as components of the cannula and length, and extrinsic factor like the insertion angle should be considered in their design and use to reduce puncture failure rates.

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Imaging
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Dates and versions

hal-04606375 , version 1 (10-06-2024)

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Côme Slosse, Gabriela Hossu, Emilien Micard, Hind Hani, Gaëlle Ambroise-Grandjean, et al.. Influential factors on the echogenicity of peripheral venous catheters: Insights from an experimental phantom study. Journal of Vascular Access, 2024, ⟨10.1177/11297298241254675⟩. ⟨hal-04606375⟩
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