Spiritualité, troubles anxieux-dépressifs et qualité de vie dans le champ de la santé et de la maladie

Abstract : Facing with adversity, individuals may turns to spirituality and use it as a personal resource to cope difficult life events. Complex to analyze, spirituality is an area of research, relatively recent across the Atlantic, revealing a growing interest in the scientific literature. In France, this matter’s being little explored, so it is worth to provide a better understanding of its effect on health.The aim of this study was to access the potential effect of spirituality in relation to health’s indicators, such as anxiety, depression and quality of life, and to identify spiritual resources that may have a role in the quality of life as well.A mixed methodology was used. The qualitative component consists in three studies: the first concerns a student population (n = 219), the second consists in a population suffering from cancer (n = 42) and the third is a cardiac population (n = 46). Research instruments included assessment of spirituality (DSES, IWSRI and SWBS), anxiety and depression (HADS) and quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF). The quantitative component is based on semi-directive interviews conducted with both student population (n = 14) and cardiac patients (n = 9).Generally, results demonstrate that spirituality, as measured by the existential well-being, involve a relationship with psychological distress and quality of life with respect to those three populations. Spirituality also seems, through some indicators, to have an impact on the quality of life, either alone or in combination with psychological distress. It should be noted that spirituality may influence the quality of life positively but negatively as well.The spirituality reveals therapeutic potential by its influence on quality of life and raise the usefulness of studying spirituality in the context of health.
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Stéphanie Branchi. Spiritualité, troubles anxieux-dépressifs et qualité de vie dans le champ de la santé et de la maladie. Religions. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0373⟩. ⟨tel-01333244⟩

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