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Reliability and Safety of Critical Device Software Systems

Abstract : Software systems are pervasive in all walks of our life and have become an essential part of our daily life. Information technology is one major area, which provides powerful and adaptable opportunities for innovation, and it seems boundless. However, systems developed using computer-based logic have produced disappointing results. According to stakeholders, they are unreliable, at times dangerous, and fail to provide the desired outcomes. Most significant reasons of system failures are the poor development practices for system development. This is due to the complex nature of modern software and lack of adequate and proper understanding. Software development provides a framework for simplifying the complex system to get a better understanding and to develop the higher fidelity quality systems at lower cost. Highly embedded critical systems, in areas such as automation, medical surveillance, avionics, etc., are susceptible to errors, which can lead to grave consequences in case of failures. This thesis intends to contribute to further the use of formal techniques for the development computing systems with high integrity. Specifically, it addresses that formal methods are not well integrated into established critical systems development processes by defining a new development life-cycle, and a set of associated techniques and tools to develop highly critical systems using formal techniques from requirements analysis to automatic source code generation using several intermediate layers with rigorous safety assessment approach. The approach has been realised using the Event-B formalism. This thesis has mainly two parts: techniques and tools and case studies. The techniques and tools section consists of development life-cycle methodology, a framework for real-time animator, refinement chart, a set of automatic code generation tools and formal logic based heart model for close loop modeling. New development methodology, and a set of associated techniques and tools are used for developing the critical systems from requirements analysis to code implementation, where verification and validation tasks are used as intermediate layers for providing a correct formal model with desired system behavior at the concrete level. Introducing new tools help to verify desired properties, which are hidden at the early stage of the system development. We also critically evaluate the proposed development methodology and developed techniques and tools through case studies in the medical and automotive domains. In addition, the thesis work tries to address the formal representation of medical protocols, which is useful for improving the existing medical protocols. We have fully formalised a real-world medical protocol (ECG interpretation) to analyse whether the formalisation complies with certain medically relevant protocol properties. The formal verification process has discovered a number of anomalies in the existing protocols. We have also discovered a hierarchical structure for the ECG interpretation efficiently that helps to find a set of conditions that can be very helpful to diagnose particular disease at the early stage. The main objective of the developed formalism is to test correctness and consistency of the medical protocol
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Neeraj Kumar Singh. Reliability and Safety of Critical Device Software Systems. Other [cs.OH]. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2011. English. ⟨NNT : 2011NAN10129⟩. ⟨tel-01746287⟩



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