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Mobilité, biodisponibilité et phytotoxicité du plomb et du zinc en conditions salines : cas du ray-grass dans une terre argilo-limoneuse et application aux risques de réutilisation des eaux de drainage pour l'irrigation dans le delta du Nil

Abstract : The wastewater re-use is a very world wide practice in the areas affected by shortages of water resources. For the majority of the countries of the arid and semi arid regions, water became the principal factor limiting their development. Egypt is one of the Mediterranean countries which is affected by shortages of water good quality resources. The re-use of this water for agricultural production is accompanied with salinization problems, which always develops because of the bad irrigation and drainage practices, especially with the irrigated agriculture in arid regions with high rates of evapotranspiration. The irrigation with wastewater is not only one source of dissolved salts but also of metallic trace elements (MTEs). The principal goal of this work was to study the effect of wastewater re-use with different salinity levels on the behaviour of metallic trace elements (MTEs) such as Zn and Pb in the presence or absence of plants. The combined effects of salinity and MTEs on the growth of rye-grass, and its production of biomass as been studied. Two experimental techniques were used : pot cultures with two different irrigation systems, with and without water excess, and hydroponic cultures to evaluate the effects of various salinity levels on the bioavailability, bioaccumulation, and phytotoxicity of Zn and Pb for the rye-grass. Salinity had a similar toxic effect on the growth of plants even if the sensitivity of plants is higher in hydroponic conditions. The bioavailability of Pb is limited compared with Zn which shows a higher transfer to the plants, with its higher translocation in the shoots and its phytotoxic effects on the growth of plants. However, the bioavailability of Pb is increased when the plant react actively to salinity stress. Thus, the bioavailability of MTEs can vary with the salinity. The bioaccumulation and the translocation of the MTEs in the shoots of the rye-grass increase when the plant reacts actively to a saline stress. The toxic effect of soil and irrigation water salinity on the growth of rye-grass and production of biomass can be affected by the MTEs according to the interaction between these two risk factors.
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/SCD_T_2005_0011_BADR_EL_AZAB.pdf
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01746692
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 10:42:48 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 2, 2020 - 11:06:05 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01746692, version 1

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Kadria Moustafa El-Azab. Mobilité, biodisponibilité et phytotoxicité du plomb et du zinc en conditions salines : cas du ray-grass dans une terre argilo-limoneuse et application aux risques de réutilisation des eaux de drainage pour l'irrigation dans le delta du Nil. Sciences de la Terre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2005. Français. ⟨NNT : 2005NAN10011⟩. ⟨tel-01746692⟩

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