Rôle de la superoxyde dismutase à manganèse et de la protéine damaged DNA binding 2 dans la croissance tumorale mammaire

Abstract : Recently, our laboratory demonstrated for the first time, that Damaged DNA Binding 2 (DDB2) played a role as a negative transcriptional regulator on the mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) expression through its binding to a specific DNA sequence located into the promoter of MnSOD gene. DDB2 was known as a protein which participates in the nucleotide excision repair of DNA. The goal of this study was to define precisely the involvement of the both proteins in the growth of mammary adenocarcinoma cells, using experimental procedures to modulate their expression in the breast cancer cell lines. Our results show for the first time that MnSOD is overexpressed in the estrogen receptor (ER) negative and metastatic breast tumor cells, but not in normal epithelial mammary cells and ER-positive tumor cells. Inhibition of MnSOD expression stimulates proliferation but decreases the invasive ability and the metalloproteinase 9 activity of tumor cells. Elimination of H2O2 from the elevated MnSOD activity by addition of specific antioxidants decreases proliferation as well as invasive ability of tumor cells, suggesting that the role of MnSOD in the invasive ability of tumor cells is mediated by H2O2. We have shown too for the first time that DDB2 has an oncogenic activity in the ER-positive breast tumor cells, because its gene is overexpressed and stimulates the proliferation by activating the entry of cells in the G1/S transition phase and the S phase progression. In contrast to MnSOD, DDB2 expression is not observed in ER-negative breast tumor cells, but is higher in ER-positive than in ER-negative tumor samples from patients with breast carcinoma. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that both MnSOD and DDB2 play a role in the growth and invasiveness of tumor cells and may become a promising candidate as a predictive markers in breast cancer. More studies will be need to define molecular mechanism controlling this activity of these both proteins.
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Zilal Kattan. Rôle de la superoxyde dismutase à manganèse et de la protéine damaged DNA binding 2 dans la croissance tumorale mammaire. Sciences agricoles. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009NAN10040⟩. ⟨tel-01748404⟩

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