Analyses formelle et relationnelle de concepts pour la construction d'ontologies de domaines à partir de ressources textuelles hétérogènes

Abstract : Ontologies are used in different fields like the semantic Web or the knowledge engineering. The ontologies allow to share, to diffuse and to update knowledge domain. This thesis propose a methodology to build ontologies using methods of Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Information Extraction (IE) for extracting prepared data from each kind of available resources in the domain (text corpora, databases, thesaurus). Then, these prepared data are mining with the mining methods : Formal Concepts Analysis (FCA) and Relational Concepts Analysis (RCA). The FCA regroups a set of objects sharing the same set of attributes in the same concept. The RCA, an extension of the FCA regroups a set of objects sharing the same attributes and the same relations (relational attributes) in the same concept. The apposition of contexts, a property of the FCA, affects a set of attributes and relational attributes to classes pre-defined and hierarchised by the domain experts. These affectations allow us to present classes and their definitions to the experts of domain as well as new nonexistent classes in the initial hierarchy. These new classes can be considered appropriate and added by experts as new « knowledge units ». The Lattices resulting from the data mining methods are considered as « ontology schema ». This ontology schema is represented in the FLE description logics language to obtain ontology. This ontology is implemented in the OWL language (Web Ontology Language) for allowing us to request it. This methodology was tested in different domains: Microbiology and Astronomy.
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Rokia Bendaoud. Analyses formelle et relationnelle de concepts pour la construction d'ontologies de domaines à partir de ressources textuelles hétérogènes. Autre [cs.OH]. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009NAN10054⟩. ⟨tel-01748474⟩

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