Etude des cycles peptidiques en interaction avec les membranes lipidiques par simulations de dynamique moléculaire utilisant l'approche gros grains

Abstract : Cyclic peptides (CPs) composed of an even number of alternating D and L amino acids, are able to self-assemble into hollow tubular peptide nanotubes by means of a network of hydrogen bonds. The partition of hydrophobic CPs in lipid membranes forms an artificial transmembrane nanotube, while charged CPs characterized by amphipathic properties exhibit high antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The main goal of our investigation consisted to studying the interaction of cyclic peptides with lipid membranes using coarse grained molecular dynamics simulations in order to characterize the process of self assembly in solution, formation of transmembrane nanotubes and antibacterial activity of cyclic peptides. The results obtained revealed that, the activity of these CPs are governed by their physicochemical properties and by the interactions with the membrane lipid head-groups. In the case of hydrophobic CPs, the peptides pre-assemble as clusters before re-organizing in the interior of the membrane to form transmembrane nanotubes. For cationic CPs, the antibacterial activity seems to result from a release of phospholipid micelles following a carpet-like model adsorption. This study required a large effort in optimizing the coarse grain force field published so far. We have indeed shown their shortcomings, and optimized the parameters describing the interactions involving several amino-acids such as Leu, Trp, Arg and Lys. We have extended the study to the investigation of the folding of transmembrane and antimicrobial peptides probing hence the transferability of the optimized coarse grained model force field.
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Adil Khalfa. Etude des cycles peptidiques en interaction avec les membranes lipidiques par simulations de dynamique moléculaire utilisant l'approche gros grains. Autre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009NAN10024⟩. ⟨tel-01748515⟩

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