Etude de phénomènes électroniques de macromolécules à l'aide de méthodes hybrides QM-MM

Abstract : Hybrid methods that combine quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics (QM/MM) provide a near-ideal treatment of biological system reactivity and spectroscopy. Many electronic phenomena often studied on small systems can be now forseen in macromolecular surroundings. This work considers the treatment with QM/MM tools of three electronic phenomena in biosystem: absoprtion, electronic attachment and core ionization. Latest developments of the Local Self-Consistent Field formalism (LSCF) have been used to treat delicate covalent junctions between the QM part and the MM part and the coupling of QM/MM and PCM methods. Firstly we have focussed on absorption spectra of chromophores embedded in macromolecules. The combined LSCF/MM and PCM approach have been employed to account for the electronic polarization when the chromophore absorbs one photon. This new method, called LSCF/MM\string:ERS has been tested and validated with the study of the absorption spectra on the squarain-tetralactam complex. Then, we have considered a fluorescent protein and decomposed the maximum absorption wavelength into several physical contributions. We have also analyzed the substitution effect of the chromophore. Secondly, the electronic capture have been studied on a cyclotide containing three disulfide bonds, which forms caracteristic hemi-bond (2c-3e) after irradiation. The last electronic phenomena studied is the core ionization tackled within the framework of the asymptotic projection approach. The latter has been implemented, then tested and validated on a set of molecules. This method have been employed to analyze the specific core ionization of glycine-containing systemes of increasing complexity, up to the Human Serum Albumin.
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Adèle Laurent. Etude de phénomènes électroniques de macromolécules à l'aide de méthodes hybrides QM-MM. Autre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010NAN10075⟩. ⟨tel-01748648⟩

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