Etude expérimentale et numérique des rideaux d'eau pour la protection contre le rayonnement thermique

Abstract : Water sprays, water curtains, or mists, are semi-transparent media made of droplets dispersed in air. Here, water sprays are not used for the extinction of the flame but for radiative shielding against infrared radiation coming from a hot surface. Indeed, placed between a radiative source and a target to be protected, they are able to limit the radiation propagation, due in particular to the ability of droplets to absorb and to scatter infrared radiation.The advantage of mists consists in the presence of fine water droplets. In fact, with the same water volume, they have a widely superior capacity of attenuation radiation compared to "sprinkler" systems which use much water involved as large droplets. A study has been carried out both experimentally (design of an experimental setup) and numerically (BERGAMOTE code) in order to better understand the role of injection conditions. Therefore downward pulverization, upward pulverization, "impinging" spray, several nozzles in a ramp (with systems including one ramp or two ramps), etc... were investigated in order to quantify and assess the implicated phenomena. In particular, a strong coupling appears between the dynamics of sprays and their property of thermal shield. It was also observed from these works that a modification of injection direction, while conserving the same quantity of injected water, results in a strong variation on the attenuation capacity of water curtain, explained by the dynamics of injected sprays. It is worth noting that diameter and concentration of water droplets (related to the residence time of droplets in the domain) are crucial parameters when optimizing these protection systems.
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Sullivan Lechêne. Etude expérimentale et numérique des rideaux d'eau pour la protection contre le rayonnement thermique. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010NAN10055⟩. ⟨tel-01748656⟩

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