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La génération des connaissances : un aspect méconnu du management de projet : le cas d'un établissement de santé.

Abstract : Hospital Information System (HIS) is a priority of 2012 Hospital Plan ("Plan Hôpital 2012"). It should be oriented to the informatization of healthcare and hospital processes. Information sharing, including inter-enterprise and cross- enterprise one, is on the stake. At the Lorraine Cancer Center, an Electronic Patient Record is implementing. An action research was conducted on this project. We had studied the role of knowledge generation within project management. The change of an information system has a dual nature. It concerns not only a technology change, but also an organizational one. In consequence, an information system project requires the constitution of a cross-functional team. There are two existing approaches of project management. The sequential one emphasises the planning and the control techniques. The improvisational one emphasises the flexibility. In the two above approaches, stakeholders are not explicitly involved. Our research revealed that knowledge generation leads to a new management approach. This one takes into account the interaction among actors in order to make sense of the project. We had conducted an intervention which is inspired by the actor-network theory. Visual artefacts have been used to show that knowledge is created in action. The knowledge generation, as a part of the knowing process, is a key element of change management. Thus it is necessary to consider the multidimensional nature of the change. Project management should be shaped into a practice-based view. We had proposed a method of organization for reflexive inquiry that involves artefact mediation. Project management has been explicitly considered as an element of organizational learning.
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Thi Dau Tan Pham. La génération des connaissances : un aspect méconnu du management de projet : le cas d'un établissement de santé.. Gestion et management. Université Nancy 2, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011NAN22002⟩. ⟨tel-01748780⟩



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