Importance de l'enveloppe cellulaire dans la régulation de la production de glutamate par Corynebacterium glutamicum 2262 au cours d'un procédé thermo-induit

Abstract : During this work, a comparative study between three strains of Corynebacterium glutamicum was carried out. These strains were C. glutamicum 2262 which overproduces glutamate after an increase in the culture temperature from 33 to 39°C, C. glutamicum 2262 NP which is unable to produce glutamate in the same culture conditions and C. glutamicum 2262 pks13 devoid of outer corynomycolic acid bilayer. An original metabolic model describing the successive physiological modifications responsible for the glutamate excretion during the temperature-triggered process was established. The presence of the corynomycolic acid bilayer appeared to be necessary since its lack affected dramatically the glutamate production. The temperature increase would be first sensed at the level of the external corynomycolic acid layer. This sensing was visualised through the accumulation of thermal stress proteins. In C. glutamicum 2262 pks13, the synthesis of these proteins was not induced. The glutamate production is regulated at the oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (ODH) level by the phosphoprotein OdhI. A consequence of the temperature increase was the dephosphorylation of this regulatory protein and its interaction with ODH, provoking its inhibition. The carbon flux was then reoriented toward the glutamate synthesis. In C. glutamicum 2262 pks13, no dephosphorylation of OdhI and no change in the ODH activity were not determined. The thermal stress also induced a change in the composition of the corynomycolic acid layer which was correlated with the ability of C. glutamicum 2262 to overproduce glutamate. In C. glutamicum 2262 NP, the composition of the corynomycolic acid layer remained unchanged
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Kenza Amel Brihmouche. Importance de l'enveloppe cellulaire dans la régulation de la production de glutamate par Corynebacterium glutamicum 2262 au cours d'un procédé thermo-induit. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010INPL063N⟩. ⟨tel-01748842⟩

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