Le transfert de technologie vu comme une dynamique des compétences technologiques : application à des projets d'innovation basés sur des substitutions technologiques par le brasage métallique

Abstract : Technology transfer is an innovation process far from to be defined as a simple transmitter / receiver relationship of knowledge. It is complex. Thus the determinants of its success are still poorly understood and its modeling remains to be studied to a better management and optimization of the process.This thesis proposes a descriptive modeling of the technology transfer process. The aim is to have better understanding of the dynamics of technology transfer projects, and developing best practices to improve its management.In the theoretical field, we analyzed the models of the literature and proposed a meta-model of technology transfer from the point of view of systems engineering. We then sought to better understand the phenomena in situ.In order to reach our aim, an observation methodology for data collection at the micro level has been developed. We followed five transfer projects for a period ranging from three months to two years. Two dimensions have been emphasized: the immaterial and the material dimension. The concept of Intermediate Transfer Object (ITO) is introduced from the concept of design intermediary object.The data obtained were analyzed using two approaches:- a comparative descriptive approach, identifying invariants and divergent phenomena between the five processes. This has allowed us to propose best practices for technology transfer project management in the context of brazing.- a multicriteria approach based on the rough sets theory. This approach provides useful information for understanding the process through the decision rules. It validated the importance of the technology transfer object in the dynamics and the success of a project
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Hanen Chaabane. Le transfert de technologie vu comme une dynamique des compétences technologiques : application à des projets d'innovation basés sur des substitutions technologiques par le brasage métallique. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010INPL075N⟩. ⟨tel-01748872⟩

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