"Le silence s'essouffle". Les expressions de la mort, du deuil et de la mémoire chez les compositeurs de cultures juives ashkénazes. Europe Centrale et Orientale, Etats-Unis (1880/1980)

Abstract : Even if, according to psychiatrist Jacques Hassoun "Judaism is not a funeral religion?", the wide Jewish world is not, however, restricted to only the religious aspects, and its musical currents are not only attached to liturgy. Dealing with Jewish cultures (insisting on the plural) allows us to take into account the feelings of affiliation in their all diversity, linked with mourning and the funeral thematic. This study, whose chronological extension (1880-1980) corresponds to a wide Twentieth Century, makes the choice of changing and evolving spaces. Rather than focusing on the "Pale of Settlement", or on the cultural capitals of Europe, it inscribes itself in an Eastern Europe - Central Europe - United States axis, so as to take into account transfers, counter-transfers and cultural mesh works, while distinguishing specific contexts. Studying ritual frameworks and social networks inside of which composers work, allows us, firstly, to understand fluctuant conditions and restrictions of the musical composition process on funeral thematic, in the liturgical or in the secular fields. So as to catch the huge diversity of attitudes and musical expressions, confronting day to day's death or "brutalized" death of pogroms and genocide, it is necessary to take into account the mutations of the experienced spaces and the creation's networks, regarding break points and times of disruption. Incidentally, Shoah is a nodal point in the history of musical forms: so, it deals with the methods of creation and diffusion of dirges and mourning songs in concentration camps from often sketchy and oral musical traces. Finally, the last part of this dissertation focuses on representations and phenomena of appropriation of a repertoire and a memory in the post-World War II era, as revealing anxiety as well as a new collective or individual way of mourning.
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Jean-Sébastien Noël. "Le silence s'essouffle". Les expressions de la mort, du deuil et de la mémoire chez les compositeurs de cultures juives ashkénazes. Europe Centrale et Orientale, Etats-Unis (1880/1980). Histoire. Université Nancy 2, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011NAN21004⟩. ⟨tel-01748896⟩

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