De l'image au récit : modalités narrativo-pragmatiques et psychopathologie du passage à l'acte chez des délinquants sexuels et non sexuels

Abstract : This study is situated at the meeting point of linguistic and clinical psychology fields. It attempts to find a link between the nature of a narrative and pragmatic structure of a discourse and the mental system of a subject who committed a criminal act. With an original method using the tools of the WAIS-R "Arrangement d'Images", an iconic material, the subject is asked to "tell a story" so as to come up with a particular initial situation. The database of this study is the totality of these stories divided between 10 items. This intersemiotic translation procedure, from the picture to the story, is applied to 80 male subjects who are assessed and examined due to their previous criminal records. They are divided into two groups: sexual offense and non-sexual offence. The texts are analysed according to two narrative and pragmatic axis with tools taken from the enunciative linguistic, the cognitive linguistic, the semiotic of temporality and action and the pragmatic of the language. The structure of these texts is based on a "description - story" axis. They are identified in different types of stories: ocular evidence, act of evidence and evidence of a witness. The narrative-pragmatic modalities of the declaration, studied under the aspects of the temporality, the logic and the action, are written down in a specifically built analysis grid. These modalities are gathered in meaningful clusters that convey three distinctive ways of seeing the subjective link of the subject towards his act: a meaningful cluster for his perplexity, a second one for his lucidity, and a third one for his minimization. With a semeiological approach of the acting and through the clinical psychopathology viewpoint, it becomes possible to understand and differentiate an unmotivated act, an impulsive behaviour and a finalised intentional behaviour. For each meaningful cluster, specific therapeutic modalities are considered as well. To sum up, this study assumes that it is a subject's conscience towards his action, partially, totally or absent, conscience linked to the range of the mental structure, that marks the difference between the subjects of the two assessed groups.
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Philippe Huon. De l'image au récit : modalités narrativo-pragmatiques et psychopathologie du passage à l'acte chez des délinquants sexuels et non sexuels. Psychologie. Université Nancy 2, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011NAN21001⟩. ⟨tel-01748897⟩

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