Bilinguisme et apprentissage des mathématiques : études à la Martinique

Abstract : In this thesis, we try to explain why French overseas pupils have got, for many years, inferior performances to their mainland French school fellows at national academic evaluations. The most surprising is that the observed differences are stronger in mathematics than in French. Then, we focus on the cultural characteristics (bilingualism and collective beliefs) able to influence the school learning, in a French Overseas Department considered as a ?natural laboratory?: Martinique. We carry out four studies with two educational levels (in elementary school and first year of the secondary school). In the first study, we make side analysis of several years' national academic data. They acknowledge the observation as a reality and they invalidate two hypotheses, one to a specific difference in a particular field of mathematics (in geometry for example) and a second relative to an item differential functioning. In the second study, an experimental procedure allows 1) to measure social and cognitive bilingualism of Martinican pupils, 2) to evaluate with different procedures the children performances in mathematics and 3) to collect their scores at national evaluations. This second study refutes the hypothesis of the influence of bilingualism on academic learning. In the third study, we deal with the link between social beliefs (specifically the children?s beliefs of the school disciplines) and their performances. The results do not allow to conclude that the martinican children have worst beliefs of the mathematics than the French mainland children. In the last study, we compile data collected in the precedent analysis, in order to refute the bilingualism?s influence on the school learning. Finally, in the same time, we explain our observations and we submit considered perspectives relatives, for one part, to methodology and the instruments used in this research and, for the second part, to others cultural perspectives, which could be explore.
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Mélissa Arneton. Bilinguisme et apprentissage des mathématiques : études à la Martinique. Psychologie. Université Nancy 2, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010NAN21009⟩. ⟨tel-01748902⟩

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