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Le marché du travail dans l'espace Lorrain pendant la reconstruction : 1944-1953

Abstract : The aim of this thesis is to show that the regulation of the labour market during the period of the reconstruction in lorraine (1944-1953), did not allow to solve contradictions between the practices of the access to employment, and the development of the work paid such as it was planned. This logic of growth is pulled about between the policies of reforms, industrialization, and the inertia caused by the various forms of shortage. The first part of the thesis presents an immediate post-war period during which the people of lorraine were confronted to a reduced application for a job, whereas, since 1944, the public power has set up measures of regulation of the labour market to found a policy of work and employment. The latter results in measures of objective right intended to frame the wage labour nexus, in the interest of the worker, and to direct the labour within the framework of the modernization envisaged by the "plan monnet". However, the limits of these measures appear quickly and contribute to consolidate imbalances already present in the wage labour nexus. The second part of the thesis, which covers the period 1947-1953, shows that imbalances in the wage labour nexus are also inherent with a rationing of the labour market in lorraine in which coexist deficit of labour and unemployment. If the first one is compensated by the importation of foreign labour, the second one is not really reduced. This one preserves a latent character, more especially as the policy of the employers of heavy industry is keeps directed towards the stabilization of manpower, whereas the prospects for the common market of steel and coal open and will be effective in 1953
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Laurent Erbs. Le marché du travail dans l'espace Lorrain pendant la reconstruction : 1944-1953. Histoire. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007METZ001L⟩. ⟨tel-01748987⟩



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