Modélisation du perçage à grande vitesse : approches analytique, numérique et expérimentale

Abstract : The determination of the cutting forces generated during the drilling operation is an essential step in the drilling optimisation. This information is crucial for the cutting conditions determination and the tool definition. The aim of this work is to propose a predictive thermo mechanical model for the drilling process. This model is based ont the thermo mechanical oblique cutting model developed and validated in the LPMM laboratory. The parameters used in this model are the cutting angles, the cutting conditions, the behaviour of the workpiece materials and the friction conditions on tool-chip interface. After the determination of the cutting angles from the CAD definition of the drill using a mathematical geometrical model developed in this work, the cutting edges are decomposed into a series of linear oblique cutting edges. A modified version of the thermo mechanical model is then apllied on each elemental cutting edge in order to calculate the elemental cutting forces, and then the global thrust and torque are determined. Experimental dry drilling tests were performed in order to validate the presented model. The calculated and measured global torque and thrust were compared, a good agreement was obtained. In the last section a numerical model using the finite element method with two commercial codes are presented. 2D orthogonal cutting and 3D drilling simulations were carried out. Numerical simulation provides interesting information on the chip formation and on the temperature and stress distributions but the calculations are time consuming. The two proposed methods may be used as complementary approaches to optimize cutting conditions and drill geometry
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Mohamad Jrad. Modélisation du perçage à grande vitesse : approches analytique, numérique et expérimentale. Autre. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007METZ037S⟩. ⟨tel-01749005⟩

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