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Femmes, culture et politique : histoire du football féminin en Europe de la grande guerre jusqu'à nos jours

Abstract : Soccer - being the most popular sport on earth - is not simply recreation in order to entertain or to stimulate. Historians have reminded us how first in Great Britain and later, since the inter-war years on the whole continent, this sports has conquered a crucial place in politics of European nation-states: male masses have seen in it a powerful vector of integration into the public sphere. This political dimension cannot be ignored if one is interested in gender relations within soccer. Yet the social, economic and cultural progress of which women benefited during the 20th century are not enough to understand the disparities that have been observed in the development of women?s football in Europe. Actually, in a statistical study published in 2000 the International Football Federation (FIFA) underlines the setback of Finland over Norway, Denmark and Sweden even if the condition of women is as good as in its Scandinavian neighbours. The FIFA study also highlights that the number of licensees in Spain is four times higher that that of France or Great Britain even its practice developed fifteen years later. In comparing the evolution of women?s soccer in the different European countries including the former Warsaw pact countries from World War I until today this study intends to demonstrate how soccer has reflected the imbalance of genders in national public affairs and contributed to their exclusion. Our analysis is on the one hand based on archives of different ministries and national and international federations and on the other on European-wide sports press
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01749019
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Xavier Breuil. Femmes, culture et politique : histoire du football féminin en Europe de la grande guerre jusqu'à nos jours. Education. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007METZ017L⟩. ⟨tel-01749019⟩

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