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Grammaticalisation du langage de l'enfant : processus interactionnel d'appropriation des articles et des clitiques sujets chez des enfants francophones entre 1 et 3 ans

Abstract : The social need of children to communicate with their minders and siblings results in a gradual grammaticalisation of their language, which includes the acquisition of free grammatical morphemes. Several studies mention and analyse the presence of proto-forms of these elements, often called fillers. On the basis of longitudinal corpora of four children interacting with an adult, I have studied the role of these forms in the acquisition of articles and subject clitics. The use of the phrase "transition forms" and not "fillers" enabled me to describe the forms produced by the children especially towards the end of the acquisition of articles and subject clitics. Whereas most studies concerning fillers concentrate on child language, my objective is to highlight the fundamental role of the interaction between child and adult in the acquisition of articles and subject clitics. A study of the evolution of the production of transition forms helped me describe general developmental trends among the children under observation, from a certain number of emergent variations to the complete mastery of articles and subject clitics. An analysis of the evolution of repetitions among the children and the adult and of the development of their exchanges helped me identify interactive sequences where the adaptation of the adult's repetitions to the children's attempts results in progress in the children's trials and utterances. This illustrates the role of immediate adjusted interaction in the acquisition of articles and subject clitics.
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Tiphanie Bertin. Grammaticalisation du langage de l'enfant : processus interactionnel d'appropriation des articles et des clitiques sujets chez des enfants francophones entre 1 et 3 ans. Linguistique. Université Nancy 2, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011NAN21020⟩. ⟨tel-01749083⟩

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