Caractérisation de types de discours dans des situations de travail

Abstract : The purpose of this study is to characterise the types of discourse to be found in work situations. I have tried to define discourse types on the basis of linguistic criteria, taking into account the "actional frameworks" that underpin the discourse. Firstly I have outlined the theoretical and methodological framework of my research and I have opted for the concept of "discourse types" as distinct from "genres". To further develop my theoretical framework, I have investigated the history of language in the workplace since the 17th century with the help of analyses of language practice in work situations in different disciplines. On the basis of this multidisciplinary theoretical framework, I have developed a methodology for the constitution of my corpus and for an analysis based on a sequential division of the discourse. My research has identified seven types of discourse sequences based on three linguistic types (expository language, co-actional language and peri-professional language). Each type of sequence is characterised by recurring linguistic criteria which have been subjected to qualitative and quantitative analyses. The predominant type of sequence determines the major linguistic type and therefore the discourse type. This analysis, in conjunction with an analysis of the "actional framework" of the activities, has revealed the interdependence of language and activity and led to a characterisation of discourse types in relation to types of activity.
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Magali Husianycia. Caractérisation de types de discours dans des situations de travail. Linguistique. Université Nancy 2, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011NAN21021⟩. ⟨tel-01749085⟩

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