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Modalisateurs et organisateurs textuels en français préclassique et classique : fonctionnement discursif et grammaticalisation

Abstract : We put forward a work of description in context of modalisers and textual organisers. These syntagms convey the presence of the enunciator and correspond to a specific desire of expressiveness. In preclassical French, the quantity of theoretical texts increased. The argumentative value and the specific structure of these written works make up factors of the grammaticalization of modalisers and textual organisers. Texts such as essays for instance pass on a given viewpoint and are structured rigorously, in particular thanks to the presence of this type of enunciative groups. The grammaticalization process corresponds to a complex change which is progressive and unidirectional, putting across a form from a lexical status to a grammatical one or from a less grammatical status to a more grammatical one. Form sources evolve little by little to freeze into precise form targets. Within this transformation, some phases of reanalysis and analogical extension ? which are simpler changes ? will occur. Speakers start interpreting differently the words or groups of words concerned until a new use asserts itself (reanalysis). Some changes bring about others : some close groups, from a structural point of view, some syntagms which have been modified evolve in turn in a pretty similar way (analogical extension). After having examined the composition of groups, their syntaxic and discursory behaviour, we sall check whether the emergence and evolution of the syntagms in question fit into the canvas of grammaticalization. Modalisers (for example « to tell the truth ») and textual organisers (for example « to cut a long story short ») correspond to separate constructions. Has this always been the case ? Is it a matter of French constructions ? What are their respective form sources ? As far as the demarcation of periods is concerned, classical French is often presented as the chronological reference in which the language becomes stabilized (even though periodisation is perceived by certain linguists as artificial yet necessary). We shall therefore see whether the dividing up which we propose is judicious and whether usage was fixed in 1750. We rely on the observation of uses in context from examples of that period so as to apprehend how new enunciative entities are set up and to see if one can lay down a mode of formation of these prepositional syntagms.
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Louise Royer. Modalisateurs et organisateurs textuels en français préclassique et classique : fonctionnement discursif et grammaticalisation. Linguistique. Université Nancy 2, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011NAN21023⟩. ⟨tel-01749102⟩

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