Le langage de la volonté : Conceptualisation des actes de parole comme expressions volitives corporelles

Abstract : This thesis is a transdisciplinary conceptual work. It develops a general theory of will and language acts. A conative pragmatic approach is proposed in order to account for the dynamic aspects of communicative behavior. Articulating evolutionary biology and philosophy of language, it takes the body's point of view on the use of language. The will is the body's eagerness to live before it becomes mental power. Emotions, as they are expressed, automatically and fluently speak the language of the will. Joy says « yes I want to » and sorrow says « no I don't want to ». Here is where speech acts take shape. The expressive movements of body and voice are conceived as body language acts, communicating implicitly our desires and commitments, thus giving force to speech. Verbal language acts, declarations, demands, offers, etc. are considered as ramifications of the prior body language acts, precising in their turn how and what, or not, is wanted. Arguing is based upon empirical works from several disciplines: human and animal ethology, affective and volitive neuroscience, psychology of emotions, social psychology of motivation. Some references are made to dramatic arts and a philosophy of the body and the will links the whole thesis together. The conceptualization leads to an illustrated dimensional model which categorizes a great number of both body and verbal language acts. From this model onward speech acts as volitive expressions of the body can be obtained by combination.
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Josy Jacoby. Le langage de la volonté : Conceptualisation des actes de parole comme expressions volitives corporelles. Psychologie. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0061⟩. ⟨tel-01749184⟩

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