Aragon, romancier penseur de l'Histoire

Abstract : The purpose of the dissertation is to study the way Aragon, as a novelist, builds a vision of history. The corpus of Aragon's works under study comprises the first four novels of the Le Monde Réel series - namely, les Cloches de Bâle, Les Beaux Quartiers, Les Voyageurs de l?impériale, Aurélien. The aim is to show that the poetics of the novel as a genre will suggest a much more elaborate way of viewing history than what Aragon himself expresses when he speaks as Louis Aragon the communist activist. Aragon the novelist urges to get deeper into research when he states that "novels do not merely say what they say, they are about something else, they go beyond". The following issues have been successively considered : how historical events are viewed; how, dispensing with factual events, history is viewed; how building an approach to history aims at triggering political action; how, in the end, Aragon conceives and views the writing of history. The fundamental historical event the novelist tackles is the Great War, the causes of which he analyzes not primarily from the angle of a conflict between two forms of exacerbated nationalism but from the angle of the diverging interests of France and Germany, particularly in their respective colonial empires. Aragon uncovers what lies hidden under official history, what was at stake financially during the conflict and goes on to demystify colonial ideology. Turning away from historical events per se, he questions the so-called «social war» and the social and psychological bounds society imposes. This he does by creating novel characters whose evolutions and relations to history are thoroughly examined, thus allowing the novelist to ponder over possible though unquestionable commitments which cannot, nonetheless, ignore the fact history weighs heavily, most often in the form of tragedy, especially in the last two novels considered. This approach results in Aragon?s vision of history altering between the years 1934 and 1944. The horizon stands out gloomy however the novelist refuses to consider war is fatally inescapable. Such vision of history is closely knit with the birth of a specific way of novel-writing which fairly often resorts to analogy, playing with metalepsis and is never severed from poetry-writing. In the course of this adventure in writing, Aragon experiments on and experiences the building of his personal vision, a thinking process fraught with multiple tensions which cannot allow the reader to view his works as mere pretexts for expounding a socio-political message but as true experiments in the exploration of the «beyond» of novels.
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/DDOC_T_2012_0115_BOIREAU_BACHELIER.pdf
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Marie-France Boireau - Bachelier. Aragon, romancier penseur de l'Histoire. Littératures. Université de Lorraine, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0115⟩. ⟨tel-01749213⟩

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